One common concern many people have about their oral health is that their gums are receding. This means that the gum tissue begins to pull away from the tooth. What causes receding gums?
Symptoms of receding gums – Staten Island and Brooklyn dentist
Often, the first symptom people notice when their gums start to recede is tooth sensitivity. The gum tissue normally protects the parts of the tooth that it covers from things that can cause tooth pain, like heat and cold. When the gums recede away from these parts of the tooth, the tooth is less protected, and so it may feel particularly sensitive.
In some cases, people may become aware that their gums have receded because they see that the tooth looks longer. If only one tooth is experiencing recession, then it may be easy to see that that tooth looks longer than those next to it. If many teeth have gum recession, then it may be harder to be sure. The smile may look too “toothy,” or you may notice a change in your current smile from previous photos of you.
Causes of gum recession – Staten Island and Brooklyn dentist
There are a few different potential causes of gum recession. More than one cause can be present at the same time.
Too-vigorous tooth brushing
Of course, brushing your teeth regularly is the most important part of oral hygiene. But that doesn’t mean that there’s no way to do harm with tooth brushing. It’s important not to be too vigorous when brushing your teeth. You should be moving the toothbrush around on the surface of your teeth, but not pushing it into the tooth surface. Using a toothbrush with bristles that are too stiff can also damage the gum tissue. You should choose a toothbrush with soft bristles.
Lack of oral hygiene
While being too aggressive with the toothbrush can lead to gum recession, the opposite is also true. Those who don’t keep their teeth clean (by brushing, flossing, and using antibacterial mouthwash regularly) are more likely to experience gum recession. The bacteria build up on the teeth, and can harden into a substance called tartar. This damages the structures around the teeth and causes the gums to recede.
Gum disease, medically known as periodontitis, is inflammation of the gum tissues caused by bacteria. As the disease progresses, the inflammation begins to destroy the tissues that hold the teeth and the gums together. This causes the gums to recede away from the teeth.
Genetic and hormonal causes
Genetics play a role in making you more susceptible to gum recession. In addition, hormonal changes can make the gums more likely to recede. For instance, after women go through menopause, they are more likely to experience gum recession.
Visit your dentist if you have concerns – Staten Island and Brooklyn dentist
If you’ve noticed any gum recession, whether affecting one tooth or several, it’s important to visit your dentist to discuss it. Treatment can help in some cases. For example, if the gum recession is causing tooth sensitivity in the exposed part of the tooth, bonding is sometimes used to cover up the sensitive portion with resin, to improve this symptom.
There may also be treatment for the cause of your gum recession. For example, if it’s caused by gum disease, then having more frequent professional cleanings and using antibacterial